Best Way To Farm Rabbits In Nigeria (Guide)
Rabbit Farming is one among the aspects of a successful agricultural business that you simply can venture into. commercial rabbit farming can convince be very profitable.
Just like poultry farming in Nigeria, to start out a rabbit farming business, you are doing not require an in depth capital investment, and therefore the turnover period is brief . This makes the rabbit business a perfect business for you to start out .
Here are quick questions that this text will provide answers to:
- Is rabbit farming profitable in Nigeria?
- What am i able to feed my Nigerian rabbit?
- How does one make a rabbit farm?
Did you recognize that rabbit meat is getting more popular, and thus, rabbit breeding is becoming one among the highest lucrative business ideas in Nigeria?
Over a million plenty of rabbit meat is consumed per annum . That`s an excellent source of income in Africa and particularly in Nigeria.
Moreover, rabbits are often used not only as meat, but an excellent source of fur, and you’ll even raise them to be home pets.
What Is Rabbit Farming ?
Rabbit farming may be a commercial rearing of rabbits, primarily for sales purposes.
You can breed them to sell their meat or fur. this sort of animal farming doesn’t involve many expenses within the production of rabbits.
Moreover, the character of rabbits and their breeding preferences is certainly an excellent source of help for you.
This article will assist you to be more conversant in the animal and its breeding processes.
Listed below are terminologies of rabbits from Wikipedia:
- Male rabbits are called Bucks
- Female rabbits are called Does
- An older term for an adult rabbit is Coney (derived ultimately from the Latin Cuniculus), while rabbit once referred only to the young animals.
- Another term for a young rabbit is bunny, though this term is usually applied informally (particularly by children) to rabbits generally, especially domestic ones. More recently, the term kit or kitten has been wont to ask a young rabbit.
- A group of rabbits is understood as a colony or nest (or, occasionally, a warren, though this more commonly refers to where the rabbits live).
- A group of baby rabbits produced from one mating is mentioned as a litter
- A group of domestic rabbits cohabitation is usually called a herd.
Before I discuss the method and reasons you ought to found out a rabbit farm, it’s important to notice that there are some risks related to the animal.
Knowing them will assist you during the course of building the farm
Risks of Starting a Rabbit Farm
Rabbits are often eaten or killed by almost the other animal. Therefore, insects, soldier ants, and snakes can easily destroy rabbit breeds.
Infections can easily destroy your rabbit farming business.
Therefore, watch carefully after any occurrence of diseases and always be at aware of any sort of infection and take necessary action against them as soon as you’ll .
Now, let me shed more light on the explanations for and benefits of rabbit farming.
Why you ought to Start a Rabbit Farming Business
There are several reasons why you would possibly consider starting a rabbit farming business in Nigeria. Below are a few:
- Rabbit rearing is popular amongst Nigerians and therefore the whole Africa.
- You can rear rabbits not just for meat but their fur also can be sold.
- Rabbits can lookout of themselves if you create nice cages for them – you’ll still have your regular job if you would like .
- Some people find rabbits amusing so a couple of rabbits are often kept as pets.
- Rabbits are cheaper to boost than the other livestock and may be an excellent substitute for poultry products.
- Rabbits can grow in no time
High multiplication rate. Rabbits can multiply very rapidly.
- You can employ cheap labor to seem after your rabbits’ farms.
Meat or Fur?
You can either rear rabbits for meat, the fur or both.
There are many health benefits of eating rabbit meat as are going to be discussed later.
Products which will be gotten from rabbits include high-quality skins which may be wont to make fur production in making materials like garments, clothing, hats, and boot.
If you noticed either the meat or the fur has high demand in your area, then you’ll focus more thereon which will inform you of the kinds of breeds you ought to have more.
Meanwhile, you’ll reach bent users of the opposite product in order that everything coming off your rabbit is became money
Know Your Rabbit Breeds
There are several breeds of rabbits, and a few are better fitted to commercial farming than others.
This is just because these ones grow into large sizes and produce faster.
It is necessary to settle on the proper rabbit breed for your business. the subsequent are the foremost popular breeds.
English Spot: it’s a medium-size rabbit that reaches a mean weight of three kg. This breed is extremely friendly, and its appearance makes it easy to sell as pets.
Flemish Giant: it’s a big breed of rabbits. It can reach up to 7 kg in maturity. Still, they require much grooming thanks to their dense undercoat and smooth coat.
They can be mentioned as friendly giants. Their coats could also be an honest source of income for you.
English Lop: These rabbits reach weight up to five kg. don’t ditch grooming their coat.
Dwarf Lop: The dwarf may be a small and medium-sized rabbit that reaches a max weight of two .5 kg. Their coat is extremely soft and dense. It requires grooming up to three times per day.
English Angora: it’s medium-sized rabbits that reach their weight of three kg when mature. they need very long and thick fur that needs constant grooming. they’re good-natured and sociable rabbits.
Dutch Rabbits: they will vary from small to medium-sized and may reach the load up to 2.5 kg. they’re easy-going. Their fur requires daily grooming.
Chinchilla: These rabbits also can vary from small to medium-sized.
When they reach adulthood, they will vary from 2 to 2.5 kg.
British Giant: it’s another large rabbit which will be an incredible source of fur and meat. It reaches up to 7 kg at adulthood. Their coat is smooth and medium length, which needs constant grooming.
New Zealand White: it’s a totally white rabbit that reaches a lifetime maturity weight of 5 kg.
Rabbit Breeding Process
When a female rabbit reaches six months old, she will breed other rabbits.
Therefore, you’ll place her during a buck`s cage. Note, that buck`s shouldn`t be left during a female`s cage for therefore long.
Put them together and provides them time for a minimum of fifteen minutes to copulate.
Do not forget to notice the date of copulating with the buck and doe that were used for copulating.
Bucks are often used for copy a minimum of once in four days. Female rabbits can produce up to four litters during a year with up to 10 kits or more during a litter.
Closely associated with rabbit farming is grasscutter farming when it involves reproduction. Grasscutters also give birth to a high number of babies.
Rabbits have the innate capacity to grow very rapidly and are known to achieve maturity and market size in 6 months or less.
One reason for this fast rate of growth being that rabbits are efficient converters of the food they eat.
Rabbits also breed throughout the year and it takes just between thirty and thirty-five days for a pregnant female rabbit to offer birth to its kits.
Unlike goat farming where the birth rate is low, rabbits give birth to as high as seven to eight kittens.
If a doe has reproduced for five years, she will get replaced with a way younger doe. If she produces no quite two to 3 rabbits, then it`s time to sell her.
Now that you simply know the various breeds which will be used for rabbit farming and therefore the breeding process, it’s necessary to notice that there are two popular methods of rabbit farming you’ll choose between .
They are cage method and deep litter method. There are some factors that ought to be considered while choosing your method.
Factors like protection from the sun, running cost, security, access to light and space.
Cage Method: This method may be a very effective method to think about if you would like to line up a rabbit farm for commercial purposes.
It is recommended that the spaces within the cages be enough for the rabbits to maneuver freely around.
It has proved to be effective because it provides a well-organized environment.
Deep Litter Method: just in case you’ll wish to start small or rear few rabbits, then you would possibly think about using this method.
However, this method of breeding has its own disadvantages because it bears a high risk of disease outbreak and insecurity.
Do not hesitate to spot ill rabbits quickly and quarantined them. The infection diseases spread momentarily within rabbits.
Also, keep Does and Bucks aside from one another . they ought to be together just for copulating purposes.
Rabbit Production Facilities and Materials
Rabbit Cages: Remember that rabbits have many enemies, therefore their cages should be constructed in such how they’re going to be protected and it’ll be difficult to be penetrated by the intruders.
When you establish rabbit cages, you ought to note that they need to be adequate in sizes with the specified space needed to fiddle .
You can start your business within the backyard if you’ve got good space management skills.
Create the cage such how that the living area won’t be too hot or too cold.
Rabbit Feeds: you would like your rabbits to remain healthy;
You need to feed them with good hay which is important to a rabbit’s healthiness , providing roughage that reduces the danger of hairballs and other blockages.
You can choose between an outsized sort of grass for your choice, like elephant grass or Napier grass.
You can also feed them with potatoes, cabbages, and lettuce. you ought to feed them within the morning and evening.
If you would like to introduce a replacement sort of food, then you ought to roll in the hay slowly. They can`t adapt swiftly to a replacement sort of food.
Access to wash Water: Don’t trade clean water for love or money else.
Get adequate water containers where your rabbits can drink clean and sufficient water.
Knowledge: a well-liked saying goes thus: Knowledge is power, so you’ll need equally of data you’ll gather.
Do not hesitate to find out from others within the field, learn new methods of making feeds which will suit your needs.
Also, get more information on the care of a rabbit, their common diseases and ailments.
Learn more about the way to market your rabbit, attend seminars where rabbit farming are going to be presented.
Rabbit feeders and drinkers: for his or her food and for beverage .
One beautiful aspect of rabbit farming in Nigeria is that you simply can start small and expand the business as time passes by.
However, you’ll equally start on an outsized scale with little capital.
If you plan to start out small, then you’ll start with four healthy rabbits or less counting on the cash and space available.
The ratio might be 2 males to 2 females or 1:3 together male are often wont to copulate the three females.
It is advisable that the kits be a minimum of 8 weeks old or older when bought. this may improve the kits’ chances of survival, and lower deathrate .
For small scale farmers or entrepreneurs, rabbit farming is a perfect business due to its initial low cost and high multiplication rate.
With 2 or 3 female rabbits you’ll have 80 or 120 rabbits respectively at the top of a year.
Marketing Your Rabbits
Poor marketing is that the main drawback of rabbit farming in Nigeria.
Therefore, you’ll got to put much effort into marketing your products either meat or fur.
Rabbit farming isn’t a replacement thing in Nigeria however you continue to got to educate people on what are often through with rabbits and therefore the benefits of rabbit meat.
It may come as a surprise to you that some don’t even know that rabbit meat is edible.
The marketing process can begin by creating awareness among individuals like families, friends, and colleagues.
you’ll take a step further by contacting establishments like restaurants, hotels, eateries, online shopping sites and supermarkets which will purchase rabbit meat in large quantities.
Social Media boosting farmers’ market also can be applied to rabbit selling.
The key however as earlier mentioned is education. Educate your potential clients about the nutritional value of rabbits also as economic importance.
The following are a number of the nutritional values of consuming rabbit meat that you simply can use to make your market strategy plan:
Health-conscious persons are moving from the consumption of red meats like beef and pork to the consumption of white meats, rabbits included.
This is just because there’s an increased awareness of the harmful effects of cholesterol, which is typically high in red meats, and low in red meat
- It is said to possess the very best protein content of all meat, and therefore the highest level of unsaturated fatty acids.
- It also features a lower fat content than turkey does, also as beef and pork.
- It is especially recommended during the recent months because it doesn’t contain the healing properties of other meats.
- It is tested and authorized suitable for special diets like diets for people living and handling diabetes and/or hypertension.
Also, locate other end-users of rabbit products like fur industries and establish a account with them.
You can even trade internationally. Denmark is that the leading fur-producing country. Other major producers include China, Netherlands , Russia, and therefore the US.
Check out this: Requirement & Guide To Start Hair Salon Business
Summary Notes About Rabbit Farming
It is interesting to notice that the most breed within the rabbit fur farming industry is that the Rex (Castor Rex and Chinchilla Rex).
You can make research on the way to harvest rabbit fur and venture into the business.
With the speed at which rabbits multiply and therefore the low initial startup capital with a high return of investment, i’m sure you’re thinking of starting rabbit farming directly .
That decision is that the right one, one you’ll never regret making.